CBD oil law and regulations for medical and recreational use of hemp and cannabis are constantly changing in most countries around the world. As the medical potential of both species of plant increases most countries have already reduced the legal restrictions on cultivation, production, distribution, sales, classification and taxation on hemp and cannabis and its derived products.
The difference between Cannabis and Industrial Hemp
To understand the legal status of hemp and cannabis and products derived from them we must first know the difference between hemp and cannabis itself and CBD-based products, Hemp-based products and Cannabis derived products:
- Cannabis or Cannabis Sativa – is a plant indigenous to and originating from Central and upper South Asia. Three species are recognized: Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica, and Cannabis ruderalis although due to constant natural and human-based cross breeding of species, they rarely appear in their original form. Total THC levels in today’s Cannabis Sativa strains are usually very high – up to 30%
- Hemp, or industrial hemp – are registered strains of the Cannabis Sativa plant subspecies that are grown for a variety of industrial and commercial uses. Hemp can be used for extraction of cannabinoids and can be refined into a variety of commercial products that don’t contain cannabinoids. Total THC levels in industrial hemp are usually very low – up to 1%
- CBD-based products – are products that contain different concentrations of CBD or Cannabidiol – a non-psychoactive cannabinoid present in all Cannabis Sativa strains including Hemp. We must underline that the CBD used can be of full spectrum or crystals(Isolate).
Full spectrum CBD (along with other 140+ cannabinoids) is usually extracted from registered Hemp strains, but can be also extracted from all other subspecies of Cannabis Sativa. In order to maintain the THC concentrations below the legally allowed limits the extract is usually further elaborated. Here at Hempika® we focus on full spectrum CBD-based products.
CBD Crystals or CBD Isolate begins as hemp-derived CBD extract. Then, all otherplant’s natural cannabinoids and other compounds except for CBD are removed, leaving CBD as a pure crystalline, making CBD legal for sales also in countries where THC concentration is limited to 0.0%
- Hemp-based products – are products made from industrial hemp and do not contain cannabinoids. With the reintroduction of hemp in western society – industries we can observe a boom of new hemp-based products such as: paper, textiles, clothing, biodegradable plastics, animal feed, insulation, construction material, biofuel, food…
- Cannabis derived products – are products made from Cannabis Sativa and Cannabis Sativa plant parts usually containing elevated concentrations of THC.
Our CBD map helps our user to quickly identify the legality of CBD products in different countries. It can be helpful when you need in-depth information about the CBD law and regulatives regarding also the legal status of THC and its allowed limit in hemp and CBD-based products. You can access to this information by simply clicking on a pin marked on the country map.
- CBD – Indicates where can you legally buy CBD-based products
- Hemp – Indicates where can you legally buy Hemp-based products
- THC limit (%) – Indicates the legal maximum THC concentration in products on the market (positive values apply to countries where THC is decriminalized or legalized)
- Cannabis – Indicates where can you buy Cannabis for recreational purposes
- Medical – Indicates where can get a prescription for Cannabis derived products
Differentiation in medical and recreational use of CBD
The differences in regulations and laws in force regarding CBD, hemp and cannabis for medical and recreational use varies by country, in terms of its possession, distribution, and cultivation, and how it can be consumed and what medical conditions it can be used for.
Recreational use of cannabis is prohibited in most countries; however, many have adopted a policy of decriminalization to make possession of small amounts of cannabis (marked as cannabis possession in the table) a non-criminal offense. Others have much more severe penalties – even imprisonment for several years. CBD as a non-psychoactive cannabinoid is usually not used recreationally.
Medical use of cannabis in now legalized in Australia, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Croatia, Cyprus, Finland, Germany, Greece, Israel, Italy, Luxembourg, North Macedonia, Norway, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Peru, Poland, some states in the US and Thailand.
In the table you can also see the countries where CBD is also used for medical purposes marked in the last column – “Medical”.
To help CBD users in finding the answers about the legality of CBD, hemp and cannabis-based products we created a non-formal informative table. Apart the fact that the laws and regulations regarding CBD are constantly changing in most countries, we have also limited and unverified information about this topic, so we kindly invite our users to contribute by sharing updated information (possibly with source links) in the comments section.
|Belgium||No||Yes||Up to 3 g||N/a|
|Belize||Yes||Yes||Up to 10 g||No|
|Colombia||Yes||Yes||Up to 22 g||No|
|Paraguay||Yes||Yes||Up to 10 g||No|
|Portugal||Yes||Yes||Up to 25 g||Yes|
|United States||Yes||Yes||0.3||State regulated||State regulated|
|Uruguay||Yes||Yes||Prohibited for foreigners||Yes|