Is CBD oil legal in my country?

Is CBD oil legal in my country? The ultimate guide [2023]

Hemp & CBD Products Hempika
If in doubt, check the legal status of CBD around the world and help us build the ultimate legal guide for cannabis & hemp derived products in more than 190 countries worldwide.

CBD oil law and regulations for medical and recreational use of hemp and cannabis are constantly changing in most countries around the world. As the medical potential of both species of the plant increases most countries have already reduced the legal restrictions on cultivation, production, distribution, sales, classification and taxation on hemp and cannabis and its derived products.

Legality of CBD around the world

To help CBD users in finding the answers about the legality of CBD, hemp and cannabis-based products, we created a non-formal informative table. Apart from the fact that the laws and regulations regarding CBD are constantly changing in numerous countries, we also have limited and unverified information about this topic, so we kindly invite you to contribute by sharing updated information (possibly with source links) in the comments section.

CountryCBDHempTHC lim.[%]CannabisMedical
AfghanistanNoNo NoNo
AlbaniaNoNo Decriminalized (up to a single dose)No
AlgeriaNoNo NoNo
AndorraNoNo NoNo
AngolaNoNo NoNo
Antigua and BarbudaYesYesUp to 1Only for religious purposesYes
ArgentinaYesYesUp to 1YesYes
ArmeniaYesYesunclear (probably 0.2 – 0.3)NoNo
AustraliaYesYesUp to 1%, but varies depending on regionNoYes
AzerbaijanUnclear (probably illegal)Unclear (probably illegal) NoNo
BahamasYesUnclear NoIn process of legalization
BahrainNoUnclear NoNo
BangladeshNoNo NoNo
BarbadosNoNo Legal for spiritual use by registered RastafariansYes
BelarusUnclear (probably illegal)No NoNo
BelgiumUnclearYes0.2Up to 3 gSativex, Epidiolex and magistral preparations based on CBD
BelizeYesYes Up to 10 gNo
BeninNoNo NoNo
BhutanNoLimited (mostly illegal) NoNo
BoliviaNoNo (unverified sources say it’s decriminalized) NoIllegal with exceptions (you must go to the AGEMED for authorization)
Bosna i HercegovinaYesYes0,2NoNo
BotswanaNoNo (with one exception) NoNo (with one exception)
BruneiNoNo NoNo
Burkina FasoUnclearYesUnclearNoNo
BurundiUnclearUnclear NoNo
CambodiaUnclearUnclear NoYes
CameroonNoNo NoNo
CanadaYesYes YesYes
Cape VerdeNoNo NoNo
Central African RepublicNoNo NoNo
ChadNoNo NoNo
ChileYes (only for medical purposes)Yes Decriminalized for possession and cultivationYes
ChinaNoYes (only two provinces)0NoNo
ColombiaYesYes Decriminalized up to 22 g or cultivation of 20 plants for personal useYes
ComorosNoNo NoNo
CongoNoNo NoNo
Costa RicaYesIn process of legalization0.3DecriminalizedIn process of legalization
CubaNoNo NoNo
Czech RepublicYesYes1Decriminalized up to 10 g or cultivation of 5 plants[Yes
DjiboutiNoNo NoNo
DominicaUnclearUnclear Decriminalized up to 28g and cultivation of 3 cannabis plantsNo
Dominican RepublicUnclear (probably legal)Yes NoNo
DR CongoUnclearYesUnclearNoYes
East TimorUnclearUnclear NoNo
EcuadorYesYes0.2Legal up to 10gYes
EgyptUnclearYes NoNo
El SalvadorNoNo NoNo
Equatorial GuineaNoNo NoNo
EritreaNoNo NoNo
EstoniaYesYes0.2Decriminalized up to 7,5gOnly with special permit
EswatiniNoNo NoNo
EthiopiaNoYes NoNo
FijiIn process of legalizationIn process of legalization NoNo
FranceYesYes0.2NoYes (2-year experiment, starting March 2021)
GabonNoUnclear (probably not legal) NoNo
GambiaNoUnclear (probably not legal) NoNo
GeorgiaUnclear (probably legal)UnclearN/aYesYes
GhanaYesYes NoYes
GreenlandUnclearUnclear NoNo
GrenadaNoNo NoIn process of legalization
GuineaNoNo NoNo
Guinea-BissauNoNo NoNo
GuyanaNoNo NoNo
HaitiNoNo NoNo
HondurasNoNo NoNo
Hong KongYesUnclear0NoNo
IcelandYesYes0 for products 0.2 for hempNoOnly Sativex®
IndiaUnknown (possibly prohibited)Yes (with permission)UnknownState regulatedAs a medicine (Ayurvedic medicine)
IraqNoNo NoNo
ItalyYesYes0.2 for product 0.6 for plantsDecriminalizedYes
Ivory CoastUnknown (possibly prohibited)No NoNo
JamaicaYesYes1Decriminalized up to 2 oz (57 grams) or cultivation of 5 plants. Legal for Rastafari.Yes
KenyaNoNo NoNo
KiribatiNoNo NoNo
KosovoUnknown (probably illegal)Unknown (probably illegal) NoNo
KuwaitUnknown (legal status varies depending on the source)Unknown (probably illegal) NoNo
LaosNoNo Illegal but openly sold in some businessesNo
LebanonUnclearYes1Legal for personal useYes
LesothoNoNo licences issued yetUnclearNoOnly for export (according to sources)
LiberiaNoNo NoNo
LibyaNoNo NoNo
MadagascarNoNo NoNo
MalawiUnclear (probably only for medical purposes and for export)YesUnclearNoYes
MalaysiaUnclear (probably only for medical purposes)Only for medical purposesUnclearNoYes
MaldivesUnclearUnclear NoNo
MaliNoNo NoNo
MaltaYesUnclear YesYes
Marshall IslandsNoNo NoNo
MauritaniaUnclear (probably illegal)Unclear (probably illegal) NoNo
MauritiusYesYes NoIn process of legalization
MicronesiaUnclear (according to some sources, it’s in process of legalization)Unclear NoSame as with CBD oil
MoldovaNoUnclear (probably legal) NoNo
MonacoUnclear (probably illegal)No NoNo
MongoliaUnclear (probably illegal)For research purposes and CBD extraction (only for export) NoNo
MozambiqueNoNo NoNo
MyanmarNoNo NoNo
NamibiaOnly for medical professionals on CBD and only in certain casesOnly for medicinal or research purposes NoNo
NepalNoNo (but is still grown for fibre) No, but allowed during Maha ShivaratriPreparing to allow cannabis cultivation for medicinal purposes
NetherlandsYesYes Technically illegal, but tolerated and available in coffeeshops and growing up to 5 plantsYes
New ZealandYes (prescription only)YesN/aNoYes
NicaraguaNoYes (according to some sources) NoNo
NigerNoUnclear NoNo
NigeriaNoUnclear NoNo
North KoreaUnknownUnknown Unknown (possibly legal)Unknown
North MacedoniaYesYesUnclear (probably 0.2)NoYes
NorwayPerscription only for full spectrum, products with 0% THC are legalNo0NoYes
OmanNoUnknown NoNo
PakistanFor industrial and medicial use onlyYes NoYes (CBD only)
PanamaYesUnclear NoYes
Papua New GuineaNoUnclear NoNo
ParaguayYesYes Decriminalized up to 10 gNo
PeruYesYes DecriminalizedYes
PhilippinesNoNo NoAllowed with special permit
PortugalYesYes Up to 25 gYes
Puerto RicoYesYes0.3NoOnly with prescription
QatarUnclearUnclear NoNo
RomaniaYes (only 0% THC)Yes0.2NoLess than 0.2% THC products can be prescribed
RussiaUnclearYes NoNo
RwandaYesYes NoYes
Saint Kitts and NevisNoUnclear Decriminalized up to 15 gUnclear (there is a plan of legalization)
Saint LuciaUnclear (probably illegal)Unclear Decriminalized up to 30 gNo
Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesUnclearYes Decriminalized up to 2 ounces (57 g)Yes
SamoaNoNo NoNo
San MarinoYesNo NoYes
São Tomé and PríncipeUnclearUnclear NoNo
Saudi ArabiaNoNo NoNo
SenegalNoNo NoNo
SeychellesNoNo NoNo
Sierra LeoneNoNo NoNo
SingaporeNoUnclear NoEpidiolex only
Solomon IslandsNoNo NoNo
SomaliaNoNo NoNo
South AfricaYesYes YesYes
South KoreaPrescription onlyYesUnknownNoEpidiolex, Marinol and Sativex
South SudanNoUnclear NoNo
SpainYesYes Use, possession and cultivation in private areas allowed for own consumption.Sativex only
Sri LankaUnclearYes AyurvedicYes
SudanNoNo NoNo
SurinameNoOnly 1 licence issued NoNo
SyriaNoUnclear NoNo
TaiwanNoUnclear (probably illegal) NoSupposedly legal
TajikistanNoUnclear (probably illegal) NoNo
TanzaniaNoNo NoNo
ThailandYesYes NoYes
TogoNoNo NoNo
TongaNoNo NoNo
Trinidad and TobagoNoNo Decriminalized up to 30 g, cultivation of 4 plants per adultNo
TunisiaNoNo NoNo
TurkeyYesYes0.2 to 0.3NoSativex only
TurkmenistanNoNo NoNo
TuvaluUnclearUnclear NoNo
UgandaNoOnly for export NoNo
UkraineYesYes0.2NoDronabinol and Nabiximols
United Arab EmiratesNoNo NoNo
United KingdomYesYes0.2NoYes
United StatesYesYes0.3State regulatedState regulated
UruguayYesYes Legal, but prohibited for foreignersYes
UzbekistanUnclearYes0.2NoUnclear (according to some sources it is legal)
Vatican CityNoNo NoNo
VenezuelaNoUnclear NoNo
VietnamNoUnclear (probably legal) NoNo
Western SaharaUnclearUnclear UnclearUnclear
YemenNoUnclear (probably illegal) NoNo
ZimbabweUnclearYes NoYes

The difference between Cannabis and Industrial Hemp

To understand the legal status of hemp and cannabis and products derived from them we must first know the difference between hemp and cannabis itself and CBD-based products, Hemp-based products and Cannabis-derived products:

  • Cannabis or Cannabis Sativa – is a plant indigenous to and originating from Central and upper South Asia. Three species are recognized: Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica, and Cannabis ruderalis although due to constant natural and human-based cross-breeding of species, they rarely appear in their original form. Total THC levels in today’s Cannabis Sativa strains are usually very high – up to 30%.
  • Hemp, or industrial hemp – are registered strains of the Cannabis Sativa plant subspecies that are grown for a variety of industrial and commercial uses. Hemp can be used for extraction of cannabinoids and can be refined into a variety of commercial products that don’t contain cannabinoids. Total THC levels in industrial hemp are usually very low – up to 1%
  • CBD-based products – are products that contain different concentrations of CBD or Cannabidiol – a non-psychoactive cannabinoid present in all Cannabis Sativa strains including Hemp. We must underline that the CBD used can be of full spectrum or crystals(Isolate).
    Full-spectrum CBD (along with other 140+ cannabinoids) is usually extracted from registered Hemp strains but can be also extracted from all other subspecies of Cannabis Sativa. In order to maintain the THC concentrations below the legally allowed limits, the extract is usually further elaborated. Here at Hempika®, we focus on full-spectrum CBD-based products. CBD Crystals or CBD Isolate begins as hemp-derived CBD extract. Then, all other plants natural cannabinoids and other compounds except for CBD are removed, leaving CBD as a pure crystalline, making CBD legal for sales also in countries where THC concentration is limited to 0.0%.
  • Hemp-based products – are products made from industrial hemp and do not contain cannabinoids. With the reintroduction of hemp in western society – industries we can observe a boom of new hemp-based products such as paper, textiles, clothing, biodegradable plastics, animal feed, insulation, construction material, biofuel, food…
  • Cannabis-derived products – are products made from Cannabis Sativa and Cannabis Sativa plant parts usually containing elevated concentrations of THC.

Our CBD map helps our user to quickly identify the legality of CBD products in different countries. It can be helpful when you need in-depth information about the CBD law and regulations regarding also the legal status of THC and its allowed limit in hemp and CBD-based products. You can access this information by simply clicking on a pin marked on the country map. We strongly advise you to do detailed research on the latest laws and regulations regarding CBD and THC before travelling to another country and we wouldn’t advise you to bring any CBD based products on a plane, even if the THC content is below 0,2%. Instead, we advise you to order beforehand your preferred CBD products to your designated location.

Hemp seed oil and CBD oil classification

Hemp seed oil – Hemp seed oil doesn’t contain cannabinoids and it has been available on the EU market to a significant degree prior to May 15, 1997, so it can be classified as food.

CBD oil – was not available on the EU market to a significant degree prior to May 15, 1997, so it can not be classified as food. Depending on the country, CBD-based products can be classified as a novel food, but government authorisation may be required when the oil is subjected to certain forms of extraction or purification techniques. The European Commission’s Working Group of novel Foods states regarding CBD, “…extracts of Cannabis sativa L and derived products containing cannabinoid are considered novel foods as a history of consumption has not been demonstrated.”

Cannabidiol is listed in the EU Cosmetics Ingredient Database and in some countries, CBD-based products for topical use can be sold as cosmetics. Furthermore, today you can acquire CBD-based products that are classified as prescription medications, but only in some countries (last row in the table) and only with a medical prescription. Although a lot of medical studies and clinical trials popping up all around the world in the last years shown the positive effects of CBD when prescribed for various health problems, most countries do not classify CBD as medication, but instead as an active ingredient and as such it can be substance to strict country regulations. We could say that the classification of CBD varies widely from country to country and it depends a lot on the local laws and regulations regarding hemp and cannabis.

Hemp-derived CBD extracts and cannabis-derived CBD extracts

CBD can be found in hemp or in cannabis plants. Use and sale of hemp-derived CBD is legal in most countries, but cannabis-derived CBD is not, because the cultivation of cannabis is illegal or restricted only to licence owners in most countries.

Hemp-derived CBD extract usually contains small traces of THC (the legal limit in EU is 0.2% and in US 0.3%) or 0% of THC and as such has no psychoactive effects.

Cannabis-derived extracts usually have a higher concentration of THC and a lower concentration in CBD.

Differentiation in medical and recreational use of CBD

The differences in regulations and laws in force regarding CBD, hemp and cannabis for medical and recreational use varies by country, in terms of its possession, distribution, and cultivation, and how it can be consumed and what medical conditions it can be used for.

Legality of Cannabis

Medical use of cannabis is now legalized in Australia, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Croatia, Cyprus, Finland, Germany, Greece, Israel, Italy, Luxembourg, North Macedonia, Norway, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Peru, Poland, some states in the US and Thailand.

Recreational use of cannabis is prohibited in most countries; however, many have adopted a policy of decriminalization to make possession of small amounts of cannabis (marked as cannabis possession in the table) a non-criminal offence. Others have much more severe penalties – even imprisonment for several years. CBD as a non-psychoactive cannabinoid is usually not used recreationally.

Medical use of cannabis is now legalized in Australia, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Croatia, Cyprus, Finland, Germany, Greece, Israel, Italy, Luxembourg, North Macedonia, Norway, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Peru, Poland, some states in the US and Thailand.

Legality of Medical Cannabis

CBD oil legal countries – country by country

Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Bahamas, Belize, Bermuda, Bosna i Hercegovina, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Ecuador, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Hong Kong, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Mauritius, Mexico, Montenegro, Moroco, Netherlands, New Zealand, North Macedonia, Norway, Palau, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Puerto Rico, Romania, Rwanda, San Marino, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay.

The legal status of CBD and hemp in Europe

In the next section we’ll answer the following questions: is CBD legal in Europe? Which are the EU countries where CBD oil is legal? What specific regulations and exceptions do individual countries have, and in time we will try to include all the CBD oil legal EU countries.

CBD oil in Germany

Is CBD oil legal in Germany?

Cannabidiol is completely legal in Germany, as long as preparations derived from plants and parts of plants, or plants and parts of plants have been cultivated in European Union countries with EU certified hemp seeds and the THC content in them is below 0.2%.

Countries with specific CBD laws and regulations

CBD oil in Austria

Is CBD oil legal in Austria?

In Austria the legal situation regarding CBD is a bit more complicated than in Germany, cannabis flowers, extracts and hashish containing CBD can be legally sold, but not as a food supplement or medication and the maximal content of THC allowed is 0.3%. As a result of this legal vagueness, CBD oil in Austria is being sold as aroma oil in local shops and can be legally sold online. You can order our products to Austria without any worries HERE.

CBD oil in Georgia

Is CBD oil legal in Georgia?

There are very “strange” laws in Georgia regarding hemp, cannabis and CBD products. Any kind of cultivation is strictly prohibited – the same applies to selling. However, acquisition of up to 70g of dried flowers or leaves and up to 100g of fresh flowers or leaves isn’t going to put you in jail – but if you possess more than that, the law stipulates imprisonment. The acquisition or storage of any amount of cannabis/hemp violates the law, but the punishment is unclear. Smoking cannabis/hemp is kind of regulated because you have to be older than 21, you have to be in a private residence or at home and no minors have to be nearby – if you don’t meet all those conditions, the police can (and probably will) react. The laws about CBD oil legality in Georgia still remains quite unclear.

CBD oil in India

Is CBD oil legal in India?

The laws in India are very unclear. Growing hemp is allowed only with special permission. It is said, that cannabis medicines are allowed and legally available under the AYUSH ministry as Ayurvedic medicine – but there isn’t a clear explanation if the CBD products, such as oils, are also a part of Ayurvedic medicine. The consumption and carrying of bhang (a drink made from cannabis) is allowed in India. It is advised to be careful when importing/exporting any products that are made from hemp/cannabis.

CBD oil in Ireland

Is CBD oil legal in Ireland?

Under EU regulation hemp may be grown as long as the THC content is less than 0.2% and as a member state of the EU, the same applies to Ireland. However under the Misuse of Drugs Act 1977 all derivatives of cannabis and hemp containing even traces of THC are illegal for sale and possession in Ireland, therefore we can say that only CBD products with 0.00% of THC are legal in Ireland.

CBD oil in Norway

Is CBD oil legal in Norway?

Norway is not part of the European Union and as such has some additional restrictions regarding the use and sales of CBD. In Norway, hemp and cannabis are prohibited to grow, but hemp products like hemp seed oil, Hemp protein powder,…, are completely legal as they don’t contain any cannabinoids. However, the use/possession of full spectrum CBD is legal only if the CBD is prescribed by a doctor.

CBD oil in Russia

Is CBD oil legal in Russia?

The law is a bit unclear about CBD oil legality in Russia, therefore we wouldn’t recommend having in possession any kind of CBD products in Russia. Hemp is being cultivated throughout the greater part of the country, but any extraction process is illegal. Possession of cannabis (up to 6 grams or two grams of hashish) is an administrative offence, punishable by a fine or detention up to 15 days. Possession of larger amounts of cannabis is a criminal offence.

CBD oil in Sweden

Is CBD oil legal in Sweden?

The legal status of CBD in Sweden is a bit complicated, as the Swedish medical authorities consider CBD to be an active ingredient, therefore it must follow strict Swedish law regulating pharmaceuticals. The Medical Products Agency classifies it as a drug, which also requires a permit for sale. Selling supplements containing CBD is now prohibited in Sweden. In addition, statements of health/beauty benefits and/or oral consumption mentions in instructions for use are also prohibited in marketing and sales of CBD. However, CBD is not on the banned substance list in Sweden and you can buy CBD products but only from outside of Sweden. In conclusion use and sales of CBD in Sweden is legal if the THC concentration in it is 0.00%. Otherwise, only parts of the plant that are allowed are the subterranean parts and the seeds.

CBD oil in Ukraine

Is CBD oil legal in Ukraine?

According to numerous sources, CBD is legal in Ukraine. Hemp is also legal in Ukraine, but there are some “tricks”. There is no problem using hemp for the production of fibre, but the upper parts (flowers) that contain the highest concentration of cannabinoids are illegal. It is also hard for a “normal person” to obtain a growing licence for hemp. It is usually reserved for laboratories and farmers, who need to meet specific criteria and are also controlled during the whole process. It is said that CBD products containing a low amount of THC are also legal (assuming that the content of THC is similar as in other parts of Europe – 0,2%).


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